Moore's Law

"I just bought my computer last month, and it's already out of date..."
(Everybody who's ever bought a computer)

Moore's Law

On the outside, the Windows-based computer and its predecessors haven't changed much in the last 25 years, but if you look underneath the hood the changes have been profound.

Year

Micro-processor

Transistors on
Microprocessor

Processor Speed (MHz)

RAM
(GB)

Hard Drive (GB)

Cost for
Computer

1978

8086

29,000

10

0.00064

0.002

$5,000

1982

286

134,000

12

0.001

0.03

$4,500

1987

386

275,000

20

0.002

0.100

$3,500

1991

486

1.2 million

50

0.004

0.200

$3,000

1993

Pentium

3.1 million

120

0.008

1

$2,500

1997

Pentium 2

7.5 million

300

0.032

4

$2,000

2000

Pentium 4

42 million

800

0.064

10

$1,400

2003

Itanium

410 million

3,000

1

100

$1,200

2010 Whoknowsium? 5 billion 11,000 16 16,000 $750
2030 Brainium? 1 trillion 1,300,000 67,000 2,500,000,000 $200

The exponential increase of computing power demonstrated in the above table can be summed up by Moore's Law. Years ago Gordon Moore, the inventor of the computer microprocessor, theorized that the power of computers doubles approximately every one to two years. For years his prediction has held true.

Can you predict what the future might hold?